November 11th, 2014

Angela Hix

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Foundation Basics

Hello again lovelies!

Everyone seemed to enjoy my primer post, so I thought I’d continue with the next step in basics, foundation!

If you have any questions to be featured on my blog or Facebook page, please feel free to contact me either via email, through the website or on my very active Facebook page. I’m also on Instagram and Twitter (@angelahixmua).


Q: What is foundation?

A: Foundation is a flesh toned cosmetic liquid, cream or powder applied to the face to create an even, uniform colour to ones complexion. It helps to even the skin tone, sometimes change natural skintone and cover some flaws. Foundation has been around for ages. ‘Face painting” is mentioned in the Old Testament, Ancient Egyptians used it in 200BC, ancient Greek women even applied white lead powder and chalk to lighten their skin. Needless to say foundation has changed drastically over the centuries.

Q: What’s the difference between types of foundation? How many types are there? Why are some better for different people?

A: There are multiple types of foundation. Some are better for oily skin, others for dry skin, some are just a light sheer tint while others are heavier and cover more. Depending on what your skin is like and your desired effect is depends on the type of foundation you should or could use. I’ll go over a few in this post.

Q: What colour should I use? I don’t understand what the numbers, letters and tones mean. What should I be looking for?

A: Color, tone, numbers and letters are all determined within each individual company as there are no standards. It’s good to determine your undertone as it is your basis no matter what company you choose and differs from skin tone.

Q: What is undertone? How do I find it? Is it the same as skin tone?

A: An undertone is the colour that lies beneath the skin. It’s almost like a shadow or colour that lies below your skin colour. Your skin tone can change, but your undertone never will. There are three basics when it comes to an undertone, cool, warm or neutral. Remember undertone is not the same as skin tone. Skin tone is the surface colour that can change with sun exposure. In order to find your undertone think of which colours look best on you. Can you rock white and blues? You probably have a cool undertone. Are oranges and pinks more your jam? You’re most likely a warm undertone. Or can you rock both? That means you’ve got the best of both worlds, you’re neutral. Want to delve deeper? Check out my ‘How to Determine Your Undertone‘ bog post.

Q: Where should I test foundation colours on my skin?

A: It’s always best to match your foundation colour from your cheek in a decent sized strips down towards and into your neck line. Under your chin/on your neck gets the least amount of sun so choosing a colour strictly based on your cheek might end up looking like a mask when compared to your neck and chest. NEVER test it on your wrist, hand or arm. Your face will always be a shade it’s own.

Q: Someone asked me what kind of coverage I like in my foundation. What does that mean?

A: Typically there are 3-4 types of coverage. Coverage refer to how much the foundation will conceal on the skin, it’s opaqueness. You can have sheer, light, medium and even full coverage. Most only need a little a light or sheer foundation to even out skin tone. Those with acne scars might favour a full coverage foundation as it can act as a camouflage.

Q: How should I apply my foundation?

A: A brush will give you the best and most even application of foundation. I really like Urban Decay’s Optical Blurring brush and MAC’s 159 brush. Application with fingers can provide a natural look, but can be hard to achieve due to splotchiness and uneven application. A sponge though can be better than fingers for blending the makeup it can however suck up a lot liquid foundation

Q: I have oily skin, what should I use for foundation?

A: Stay away from any types of foundation that are hydrating or are mainly oil based. You could even look at something that’s water based. I tend to favour foundations that have silica in them for my clients with an oily skin type. Silica will help draw all the oils to itself before letting it show through your foundation settling on top. I like MAC’s Studio Fix Fluid for this reason.

Q: I have dry skin, what should I look for in my foundation?

A: Any type of foundation that is considered hydrating. You may even like a foundation that is oil based. Something with shea butter would be wonderful for your skin. Dior Airflash is wonderful for mature or dry skin.

Q: I don’t want to use liquid foundation is there an alternative?

A: Yes! You could consider using powder foundations! Be warned the heavier the powder foundation the heavier it can look on the skin. Powder on it’s own without anything to adhere to can look cake or separate and fall from the skin.



Well that’s some of the basics!
Hope this helps lovelies!

Have any more foundation questions? Just ask!

xxoo, Angela